No matter what kind of animal you are talking about, all of them have some means of communication. Communication is not only used to be able to speak between members of the species, but often is used as some kind of defense against potential predators, trying to ward them away should they come in close to the animal.
Birds are no different. They have their own means of communicating as well, often using vocal calls to be able to speak to one another or to potential predators.
There are two primary means of communication that a bird will use: movement and vocal calls. If you have been around pigeons at all, you have become quite aware of the sounds that they make. The cooing noise is one of the most common, which is used primarily as a means of communicating with other pigeons as a way of providing an amicable greeting. The cooing is often used as part of the mating process. When a male or female bird starts to make this noise, the pigeon of the opposite sex is aware that there is no reason for it to be fearful and that the other bird is welcoming it.
This noise is often used by birds in general to notify other pigeons that they are welcome. It is very comforting kind of sound which the species recognize as a greeting of sorts. This is why when you see pigeons gather together you will often hear them making this noise as a comforting sound that is welcoming to all of the other birds in the area. Pigeons will also make a hoot kind of sound that is a calling out to other pigeons that they are welcome. While the cooing sound that they make is often given while they are remedy in their group, but the hoot sound is used to attract other birds to the area or to welcome them as they descend.
The other primary form of communication that pigeons do is in their movements. By the way that a pigeon bobs his head and struts around, this is a sign to other birds. They understand the language of this. Most often the head bobbing is an emulation technique that shows no sign of aggression by the bird. However, there are certain movements that tell other pigeons that they need to back away. Rarely does a pigeon make a noise like a screech at another pigeon. Instead, it is the movement that basically tells others to get out of their way. This is often recognized by smaller pigeons who will move out of the way of the larger one. While this technique is quite effective with pigeons, it seldom has the same kind of effect with other kinds of animals. Rarely do you see a person feel compelled to get out of the way of a pigeon by the way that it is bobbing his head or strutting around. This makes this form of communication quite limited.
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